Do geographic location and historical conditions affect the quality and availability of open cadastral data? From early cadastral maps till now
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Faculty of Geo-Data Science, Geodesy, and Environmental Engineering, Department of Integrated Geodesy and Cartography, AGH University of Science and Technology, 30 Mickiewicza St., 30-059 Krakow, Poland
Faculty of Technical Engineering, State University of Applied Sciences in Jaroslaw, 16 Czarnieckiego St., 37-500 Jarosław, Poland
Department of Land Cadaster, Faculty of Land Management and Tourism, Lviv National Envinronmental University, 1 Volodymyr Velykyi str., 80-381 Dubliany, Ukraine
Institute of Earth Sciences, University of Silesia in Katowice, 12 Bankowa St., 40-007 Katowice, Poland
Global Justice Program, Yale University, P.O. Box 208306, New Haven, Connecticut, 06520-8306, USA
Hainan University - Arizona State University Joint International Tourism College, 570228 Haiyun Middle Rd, Meilan District, Haikou, Hainan, China
Center for Tourism Research, Wakayama University, Wakayama 640-8510, Japan
Submission date: 2023-08-08
Acceptance date: 2023-10-12
Publication date: 2023-11-14
Corresponding author
Michal Apollo   

Institute of Earth Sciences, University of Silesia in Katowice, 12 Bankowa St., 40-007 Katowice, Poland
Reports on Geodesy and Geoinformatics 2023;116:23-38
  • History and geographical location can slow down the development of OCD but cannot stop it.
  • Poland and Ukraine share data in geoportals based on ISO19.100 standard.
  • OCD is publicly available on 21 and 15 thematic layers in Poland and Ukraine, respectively.
  • Both countries have achieved modern standards of OCD and its accessibility.
  • Russia's aggression against Ukraine has halted the process in Ukraine.
Since the early days, cadastral data represent the geographic extent of the past, current, and future rights and interests in real property. Thus, these data are extremely important for the proper development of statehood and society. The article analyses the process of formation of the real estate cadastre in two countries -- Poland and Ukraine -- from the time of its establishment to the present. Both countries were in the past (and Ukraine still is) victims of various historical events that deprived them of statehood, stability and opportunities for development; therefore, it affected the development of the cadastre and its accessibility to all stakeholders. The authors attempt to answer the question of if and how geographic location and historical conditions can affect the quality and availability of open cadastral data (OCD). After all, our perception of reality is a direct result of processes originating in history. This paper contains comparisons between a post-Soviet (Ukraine) and a post-communist country (Poland) and their path from early cadastral maps to OCD.
The article was prepared under the research subvention of AGH University No.
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